DOCUMENTATION OF TRADITIONAL DRUG AND MEDICINE PLANTS USED COMMUNITY TALANG SELUAI VILLAGE SUB DISTRICT ULU OGAN DISTRICT OGAN KOMERING ULU SOUTH SUMATERA PROVINCE

ria mariani, Atun Qowiyyah, Mimim Rojena

Abstract


ABSTRACT

Plant utilization is an option for medication including plant utilization that carried out by the community of Talang Seluai village. This research had been done in Talang Seluai Village, ulu ogan district, ogan komering ulu area, South Sumatra province, to list medical plant and  medical traditional recipes. This research was conducted in october to december 2016.This research was done by descriptive research using a qualitative methodology. The qualitative research was conducted by interview semi-structural which based on a list of questions. It resulted that the plants of which is used medicinally by the village community of Talang seluai there were 26 species in 18 families, which there was one no identification plant, Yakhian, its belongs to Leguminosae. Lamiaceae is the most used plant among the others. Leaves was the most used part of those plants. Garden was the most collected among the plants and boiled in the water was the most drug processing used. At Talang Seluai, there were 6 traditional drug recipes which consist of two internal drugs (diarrhea and rheumatic medicines) and four external drugs (rheumatic, inflammation, wound and skin medicines).

 

ABSTRAK

Penggunaan tumbuhan merupakan salah satu pilihan untuk pengobatan yang dilakukan oleh masyarakat desa Talang Seluai. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengiventarisasi tumbuhan obat dan mengkaji ramuan tradisonal yang digunakan masyarakat Desa Talang Seluai Kecamatan Ulu Ogan Kabupaten Ogan Komering Ulu Provinsi Sumatera Selatan. Penelitian dilakukan pada bulan Oktober sampai dengan Desember 2016. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif dengan menggunakan metode kualitatif. Penelitian kualitatif dilakukan dengan teknik wawancara semi struktural yang berpedoman pada daftar pertanyaan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tumbuhan yang digunakan sebagai obat oleh masyarakat Desa Talang Seluai berjumlah 26 jenis dalam 18 suku tumbuhan, dimana terdapat satu tumbuhan yang tidak terdeteksi jenisnya yaitu Yakhian dari suku Leguminoseae. Suku tumbuhan yang paling banyak digunakan adalah Lamiaceae. Daun adalah bagian tumbuhan yang paling banyak digunakan. Cara pengolahan tumbuhan paling banyak direbus dan diperoleh dari perkarangan rumah. Di Desa Talang Seluai juga terdapat 6 macam ramuan yang digunakan masyarakat untuk pengobatan yang terdiri dari dua ramuan obat dalam (obat diare dan obat rematik) serta empat obat luar (obat rematik, obat bengkak, luka bengkak dan penyakit kulit/ kudis).


Keywords


Medical plant, Traditional drug recipes, Talang Seluai

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